24 Types of Teaching Methods And Their Advantages And Disadvantages PDF

Teaching Method- Are you a student of D.el.ed or B.ed? Are you looking for types of teaching methods and their advantages and disadvantages? then this post is for you. In this post, you will get complete information on teaching methods and its important aspects. Although you will get the teaching method definition and examples. A lot of people have commented on this topic. So I decided to give them complete information on teaching methods.

Teaching Methods- In this post, I will be discussing the 24 types of teaching methods and their examples. Most of the students do not know about all these teaching methods so stay tuned. 

24 Types of Teaching Methods

Teaching Methods

What is Teaching Methods?

The teaching method is related to the presentation of the lesson. A teaching method consists of the principle and methods used by teachers to enable the students learning. The term 'Teaching method' refers to the general principle, pedagogy and management strategies used for the classroom program.
The adoption of the method depends on the nature of the lesson and the personal ability of the teacher.  

Types of Teaching Method

  1. Telling Method (Lecture method, storytelling method, discussion method, etc)
  2. Activity method (Project method, problems solving method, etc.)
  3. Visual Method (Textbook method, demonstration method, etc.)
  4. Mental method (Inductive and deductive, analysis, synthesis method, etc)

24 Types of Teaching Methods

  1. Story-telling method
  2. Textbook method
  3. Lecture Method
  4. Demonstration Method
  5. Tutorial Method
  6. Questions-Answer method
  7. Discussion method
  8. Heuristic method 
  9. Discovery method
  10. Project method
  11. Role-playing method
  12. Brainstorming method
  13. Drill method
  14. Inductive method
  15. Deductive method
  16. Analysis method
  17. Synthesis method
  18. Source method
  19. Field trip method
  20. Play-way method
  21. Dalton method
  22. Observational method
  23. Case study method
  24. Survey method
These are the 24 important types of method for a teacher. It depends on the teacher to implement one of these teaching methods according to the need and environment of the classroom.

1- Storytelling Method

  • In this method, the teacher tells the stories depicting light on the lives of the great man, scientist, social reformer, saints and rulers.
  • The purposes of these stories are to motivate the students and develop in the same quality which these men had. 
  • These stories are directly or indirectly related to the lesson too.
  • Students' concentration levels increased through this method.
  • The story also increases the vocabulary and thinking of the power of the students.
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  • In this method, the teacher read out the book in the class loudly and explain the important point.
  • The pupil is also got the opportunity to read the book loudly and silently to develop their comprehensive power. 
  • The purpose is to enable the students to command over the textbook.
  • The textbook develops the understanding ability of pupils, they can understand other subjects also without taking anybody's help.
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  • This is an old and traditional method.
  • In this method, the teacher delivers a lecture on different points of a topic without taking the help of notes and in order to concentrate the attention of his students. He asks questions several times in the middle.
  • The lecture of the teacher is so systematic and attractive that the whole lesson becomes clear to pupils on time
  • Examples are given during the lecture to clarify the concept.
  • This is an easy and effective method to introduce a lesson and to complete a lesson on time. 
  • In this method, the teacher demonstrates all the activities given in the lesson before his students and explain the difficult points in the middle through the lecture.
  • The advantages of this method are that the pupil is seeing everything happening before them.
  • This method is useful for science subjects.
  • In this method, the whole class is divided into a small group on the basis of abilities.
  • So that the teacher removes the difficulty by giving individual guidance. 
  • The Greek philosopher Socrates is the exponent of this method.
  • He believes that knowledge existed in the spirit of humans.
  • He gets it out by asking questions to the teacher also give them new knowledge in this process.
  • Questions increase the curiosity of the pupil on concern subject.
  • Teachers and students both learn from it.
  • Questioning also helps the teacher to maintain discipline in the class.
  • In this method, the teacher discusses a matter with his pupils.
  • It can be formal or informal.
  • Students try to dominate through logical argument. They criticize each other by their own logic.
  • The development of leadership quality is one of the main objectives of this method.
  • It develops the ability of tolerance in the students.
  • Attitude and aptitude also measure through this method.
  • The teacher provides open-ended questions.
  • It develops students' expression of power.
  • The students acquire knowledge by discovering the facts himself in this method.
  • The problematic situation is raised before students and first comes the hypothesis then facts.
  • The term 'Heuristic' refers to Amstrong who is the exponents of this strategy.
  • It is based on the psychological principle of trial and error.
  • Logical and imaginative thinking are prerequisites for this type of teaching strategy.
  • The method is very suitable for the student to increase self-confidence.

9-Discovery Method

  • It is used for the fact and concepts related to the subject of social sciences.
  • Facts and information are explained here in an objective manner.
  • Discovery is related to a past incident.
  • In the early 20th century William Heard Kilpatric develop the project method.
  • His device is child-centered and based on progressive education.
  • In this method, such a job is assigned to do students which is beneficial to them.
  • Students complete the project by working in a group and acquires practical knowledge.
  • Group action is needed here to complete the project.
  • In this method, pupils ask to play the role of some character. 
  • When some students play the role other students observe them.
  • Through this method acting of the student's increases.
  • This method is used especially in a teacher training institution.
  • This method is useful to develop the social skills and imagination power of students.
  • Brainstorming is a group of the creativity technique by which efforts are made to find the conclusion.
  • This term was popularized by Alex Faickney Osborn in 1983 in his book Applied Imagination.
  • The assumption of this method is that the whole group can give more ideas than a person.
  • Through this method, the thinking power of the students improve. 
  • In this method whatever the laws and principles are taught to students by teachers, they are given drill work on the basis of the project.
  • This work is generally done by pupils and the teacher observes them while they doing.
  • Drill work increases the confidence of the students.
  • Given by Bacon, usually called the scientific method.
  • It is the most natural way of teaching by going concentrate on abstract thinking or know to unknow thinking.
  • Promotes divergent thinking.
  • Aristotle invented this method.
  • In this method, a learner learns the formula, laws, and principle first and applies it on various examples. 
  • Here the teacher goes from general to specific.
  • It saves energy and time for the learner.
  • Promotes convergent thinking.

16- Problems-Solving Method

  • A child is given some problems and finds solutions independently.
  • The learner becomes pro-active.

17- Field trip or Excursion Method

  • A field trip or excursion is a journey by students to get direct experience and collect first-hand data.
  • Leaning with fun.
  • Suitable for nationalists.

18-Play-way Method

  • According to Frobel, children explore and understand their surroundings through various play-way activities.
  • According to him, the school should be a playground for them.
  • He named it Kindergarten.

19- Montessori Method

  • Invented by Maria Montessori who was a naturalist.
  • This method is based on self-learning hands-on activity and collaborative play.
  • A teacher provides an appropriate activity for children.

20- Dalton Method

  • The American teacher Helen Parkhurst developed at the beginning of the 20th century the Dalton plan to reform the current pedagogic and usual manner of classroom management.
  • She wanted to break the teacher-centered locksteps teaching.

21- Activity Method

  • Activity-based learning started sometime in 1944 around world war 2 a British man David Horsburgh.
  • The activity method is a technique adopted by a teacher to emphasize his/her method of teaching through activity in which the students participate rigorously and bring about efficient learning experiences.
  • It is a child-centered approach.

22-Analysis Method

  • In this method, the teacher divides the problems into parts on the basis of its nature and aspects, then he teachers the segments one by one. 
  • In this method, we go unknown to known.
  • Helpful in the various topic in history also.

23- Synthesis Method

  • Combining small pieces into one large form in such a way some new conclusion can be drawn.
  • In this method, we go from unknown to known and from hypothesis to conclusion.
  • Helpful in teaching geometry.

24- Source Method

  • It is an activity-oriented method.
  • It is generally used in social studies.
  • Sources mean a person, books or document.
  • It is learning directly from sources.

24 Types of Teaching Methods And Their Advantages And Disadvantages Pdf


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