Meaning, Nature and Characteristics of Creativity

 Meaning of Creativity- Various meanings have been attached by thinkers and writers to such terms as creativity, creative in the creative process. However, by and large, these terms connote the same meaning and significance.

According to Drevdahl, ''Creativity is the capacity of a person to produce composition, products or ideas Which are essentially new or novel and previously unknown to the producer''

In the words of C.E Skinner, ''Creative thinking means that the predictions and or inferences for the individual are new, original, ingenious, and unusual. The creative thinker is one who explores new areas and makes new observations, new predictions, new inferences.'

R.Stanger and T.F Karwoski state, ''Creativity implies the production of a totally or partially novel identity''

R.C Wilson, J.P Guilford, and P.R Christesen define creativity in these works'' The creativity process is any process by which something new is produced an idea or an object including a new form of arrangement of old elements.

Creativity to the artist is the ability to evoke an emotional mood. To the architect, creavit is the ability to evolve new approaches, form,s and new materials.

Nature of Creativity 

  1. Creativity is the capacity to accept challenges.
  2. Creativity is the freedom to exercise choice
  3. Creativity is the readiness to change self and the environment
  4. Creativity knew no special medium, place person, or time.
  5. Creativity is a process as well as a product
  6. Creativity is a complex, dynamic and serious process.
  7. Creativity is the result of some interaction
  8. Creativity is the ability to synthesize ideas or objects.
  9. Creativity is the ability to create new ideas theories or objects.
  10. Creativity is the ability to develop something original
  11. Creativity has several dimensions.

Characteristics of Creative Personality

  • Torrance has compiled a list of eighty-four characteristics describing the creative personality some of these are
  • Adventurous
  • Courageous
  • Curious
  • Determined
  • Explore
  • Flexible in thinking, feeling, and doing
  • Intuitive
  • Non-conforming
  • Sincere
  • Self-disciplined
  • Visionary
  • Willing to take risks

Theories of Creativity

  • Creativity as Association: It is said the new idea is manufactured from the old ones. Hence more association, more ideas, and more creativity
  • Creativity as divine Inspiration: Plato thought that a creative writer was an agent of a super-power
  • Creativity and intuitive Genius: According to this viewpoint, a creative person intuits directly and immediately.
  • Creativity as Madness: Creativity is sometimes taken to be a sort of emotional purgative that kept a man since. Van Gough the great master painter as said to be half mad
  • Creativity as Tension Reducing process: According to Freud, creativity originates in a conflict within the unconscious mind. Creativity is a tension-reducing process.
  • Creativity and intelligence: This is the first theory of creativity

Factors which Hinder Creativity

  1. Unhealthy home environment
  2. Lack of opportunity to display creativity
  3. Rigid time table.
  4. The negative attitude of the teachers
  5. Too much stress on bookish knowledge
  6. Undue reliance on examination
  7. Lack of enrichment programs
  8. Lack of opportunities for self-expression
  9. Lack of appreciation.
  10. Lack of facilities for carrying our experiment
  11. Cultural rigidity
  12. Dictoatoria attitude of social authority
  13. SIngle track and uninspiring curriculum
  14. Outdated teaching-learning methods

Need For Creativity

Creativity is a very precious and unique quality. Guilford has observed, '' of all the qualities that man possesses, those that contribute to his creative thinking have been most important for his ell bein and his advancement' But this statement is the only party true. Complet e truth is the advance of the society depends upon creativiey.

Newton propounded his theory of gravitation and laws of motion at a very young age.

The genius of Galileo and Einstein was recognized at a very young age.

In view of the above considered it is absolutely essential that the gift of creativity need sot be nurtured right from childhood and continued throughout adulthood.

Promotion of Creativity in the Home

The home environment greatly influences the creative aspect. Too much love and too much fear will not promote creativity. Students should be permitted to ask questions freely. 

They should be provided with stimulating learning material. An appropriate type of toys and reading material may be made available to children.

Meaning, Nature, and Characteristics of Creativity 

Post a Comment (0)
Previous Post Next Post