The figure of Speech Types- Are you looking for an important figure of speech pdf for competitive exams? Do you have any ideas about the figure of speech in the English language? What is the figure of speech? You will get all the answers in this post. The figure of speech is an integral part of English literature and language. 

Most of the competitive exams must contact questions from a figure of speech. So it is very important to understand the meaning of the figure of speech also their types. It's quite difficult to understand the figure of speech meaning in real sense. 

There are hundreds of figures of speech available on the internet. But here I will give you the most important figures of speech which may come in your entrance examination.

What are the figures of speech?

A Figure of speech is a poetic device that is used in a language to produce a greater effect on the reader or the listener. 

19 Important Figure of Speech For B.ed Entrance Exam

Types of Figures of Speech With Examples

  1. Simile
  2. Metaphor
  3. Personification
  4. Apostrophe
  5. Synecdoche
  6. Metonymy
  7. Oxymoron
  8. Litotes
  9. Pun
  10. Hyperbole
  11. Onomatopoeia
  12. Bathos
  13. Cliche
  14. Pathetic Fallacy
  15. Irony
  16. Allegory
  17. Antithesis
  18. Alliteration
  19. Transferred Epithet

The word 'Simile' comes from the Latin 'Similes' and the mans 'Likeness'.A simile is a figure of speech by which one thing or an action is compared, often with 'as' or 'like' to something of a different kind of quality.

Examples- She hangs like a star in the dew of our song.
                  I wandered lonely as a cloud.
                  Her words are sweet like honey.


A metaphor is implied simile. here, two things are treated as one when comparing them. The simile says merely that one thing is like another. The metaphor says that one thing is another. Metaphors in poetry are both simple and complex.

Example-  Robert Burns's 'O My Love is Like a Red Red Rose'
                 I bridle in my struggling Muse with pain


Personification is a figure of speech in which an inanimate object is likened to or spoken of as a person. In fact, a personification is a special form of metaphor because in personification there is an implied comparison between an animate and an inanimate object.

Example- Authority forgets a dying king.
                Opportunity knocks at the door but once.
                Experience is the best teacher.


An apostrophe is a figure of speech in which a direct address is made to a person or a thing or to an abstract idea or imaginary objects. 

Example- ''Behold her, single in the field, You solitary Highland lass!
                  Reaping and singing by herself


Synecdoche is a figure of speech by which a part is put for the hole, the hole for a part. This figure usually consists of changing one noun for another kindred meaning.

Example- The smiling year.
                 She was a maid of fourteen summers.
                 A Daniel. cam to judgment.


The word 'metonymy' means literally. Substitution of name and the figure in substituting the things named for the meant.

Example- He succeeded to the crown.
                I have never read Homer.


Oxymoron is a combination of two words of opposite meaning in one sentence.

Example- I am happily married, bachelor.
                Life is bittersweet.
                The boy is regularly irregular.


It is an expression as an affirmative by denying its opposite.

Example-  He is no fool.
                  The cave is not bad.
                  I am not unmindful of your kindness.

9-PUN

A pun is a play on two different meanings of the same word or on the meanings of words resembling one another in sound.

Example- An ambassador is an honest man who lies abroad for the good of his country.
               Is life worth living? That depends on the liver.


Hyperbole is a figure of speech in which there is an exaggeration of the statement.

Example- Belinda smiled, and the world was gay.
                Not all the perfumes of Arabia will sweeten this hand.


It is a figure os speech in which the sound suggests its sense or meaning. It has a Greek origin.

Example- The snake hisses in the bush.
                 I heard the humming of bees.
                 One could hear the thundering of guns on the battlefield.


This is opposite to climax and signifies a ludicrous descent from the higher to the lower. It is used for the sake of humor.

Example- He lost his wife, his daughter, his sons, and his watch all at one fell swoop.
                
13- Cliche

A word or expression that has lost much of its force through overexposure.

Example- Sadder but wiser.
                Strong as an ox
               It's got to get worse before it gets better. 


It has been defined as crediting nature with human emotions so that nature seems to share in the feelings of man. It is a form of personification. This phrase was invented by Ruskin.

Example- The rude sea grew cold at her song.
                All nature wept at his death and the flowers were filled with tears.

15- Irony

Irony means saying one thing while meaning another, usually the opposite.

Example- You are a fine friend to desert me in my hour of need.


An allegory is a series of metaphors that expanded into a tale, with the object of teaching some abstract truth.

Example- Spenser's ' The Faerie Queen'
                 Bunyan's 'The Pilgrim's Progress'
                 Swift's ' Gulliver's Travels'


By this figure of speech, contrasting ideas or words are set over against each other in a balanced sentence, for the sake of emphasis.

Example- God made the country, man made the town.
                Man proposes God disposes of.
               To err is human to forgive divine.


Alliteration is a figure of speech in which the repetition of the letters or syllable or the same sound occurs at the beginning of two or more words in succession.

Example- Full fathoms five thy father lies.
                The field of freedom, faction, fame.


Transferred epithet or hypallage means the transference of an epithet or qualifying adjective from a person to a thing.

Example- He passed an anxious night on a restless pillow.
                The prisoner was placed in the condemned cell.

19 Important Figure of Speech For B.ed Entrance Exam


Important Figure of Speech Questions

1- 'Authority forgets a dying king' is an example of 
  • Apostrophe
  • Hyperbole
  • Personification
  • Metaphor
2- The term 'Onomatopoeia' and 'oxymoron' came from
  • Latin
  • Greek
  • Roman
  • French
3- ''A lovelier flower on earth was never son '' has the figure of speech called
  • Metaphor
  • Oxymoron
  • Implied Simile
  • Hyperbole
4-Love is blind.
  • Simile
  • Metaphor
  • Personification
  • Alliteration
5- The night is dark as a black stone.
  • Simile
  • Metaphor
  • Onomatopoeia
  • Alliteration
6- My checks grow cold with the warm air.
  • Hyperbole
  • Simile
  • Personification
  • Anthesis
7- What is meant by Synecdoche?
  • A part of something used to signify the whole
  • The whole of something used to signify a part
  • An inanimate object endowed with human feelings
  • The term with a pronunciation similar to their meaning
8-The wish is father to the thought.
  • Personification
  • Alliteration
  • Simile
  • Metaphor
9- How happy is he here!
  • Personification
  • Alliteration
  • Antithesis
  • Simile
10- A lie has no legs.
  • Apostrophe
  • Personification
  • Alliteration
  • Metaphor
These are the example of a figure of speech. You can practice more previous year questions in order to understand the concept of it. 

Why does the figure of speech are important for the B.ed entrance examination?

It is very important to understand the concept of figures of speech. English language and literature play an important part in B.ed entrance examination, it could be state b.ed or central B.ed. You must experience one or two questions from figures of speech. 

I understand most of the aspirants will not be able to understand the concept of it but you have to learn those things so that it will bring you marks. 

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19 Important Figure of Speech For B.ed Entrance Exam